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Geography

  Slovenia

 

 

 

 

 

Location:

Central Europe, eastern Alps bordering the Adriatic Sea, Italy, Austria, Hungary and Croatia

Area:

 


20,273 sq km
land: 20,151 sq km
water: 122 sq km

Coastline:


46.6 km

Land             boundaries:


border countries: Austria 330 km, Croatia 670 km, Hungary 102 km, Italy 280 km

 

Climate:

 

Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east


Terrain:

a short coastal strip on the Adriatic, an alpine mountain region adjacent to Italy and Austria, mixed mountains and valleys with numerous rivers to the east

Elevation extremes:


 Lowest point: Adriatic Sea: - 37 m (Off of Piran)
highest point: Triglav 2,864 m


Natural resources:

lignite coal, lead, zinc, mercury, uranium, silver, hydropower, forests

Land use:


8.53% arable land
permanent crops: 1.43%
other: 90.04% (2005)

Environment- international agreements:


Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants

Geography - note:


despite its small size, this eastern Alpine country controls some of Europe's major transit routes

  

People

   

 

Population:

2,010,347 (July 2006 est.)

Age structure:

0-14 years:13.8% (male 143,079/female 135,050)
15-64 years: 70.5% (male 714,393/female 702,950)
65 years and over: 15.7% (male 121,280/female 193,595) (2006 est.)


Median age:

male: 39 years
female: 42.2 years (2006 est.)

total: 40.6 years

Ethnic groups:


Slovene 83.1%, Serb 2%, Croat 1.8%, Bosniak 1.1%, other or unspecified 12% (2002 census)

Religions:


Catholic 57.8%, Orthodox 2.3%, other Christian 0.9%, Muslim 2.4%, unaffiliated 3.5%, other or unspecified 23%, none 10.1% (2002 census)

Languages:


Slovenian 91.1%, Serbo-Croatian 4.5%, other or unspecified 4.4% (2002 census)

  

Government

  

 

Country name:

conventional long form:


Republic of Slovenia
conventional short form: Slovenia
local long form: Republika Slovenija
local short form: Slovenija
former: People's Republic of Slovenia, Socialist Republic of Slovenia

Government type:

parliamentary republic

Capital cIty:


Ljubljana
geographic coordinates: 46 03 N, 14 31 E
time difference: UTC+1

daylight saving time: GMT+1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October


Independence:

25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)

National holiday:

Independence Day/Statehood Day, 25 June (1991)

Constitution:

adopted 23 December 1991

Legal system:

based on civil law system

Suffrage:

18 years of age; universal (16 years of age, if employed)

International organization participation:


ACCT (observer), Australia Group, BIS, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, EU, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NAM (guest), NATO, NSG, OAS (observer), OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SECI, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WEU (associate partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

Flag description:


three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red, with the Slovenian seal (a shield with the image of Triglav, Slovenia's highest peak, in white against a blue background at the center; beneath it are two wavy blue lines depicting seas and rivers, and above it are three six-pointed stars arranged in an inverted triangle, which are taken from the coat of arms of the Counts of Celje, the great Slovene dynastic house of the late 14th and early 15th centuries); the seal is located in the upper hoist side of the flag centered in the white and blue bands

  

Economy

  

 

Economy - overview:


With a GDP per capita substantially greater than the other transitioning economies of Central Europe, Slovenia is a model of economic success and stability for its neighbors in the former Yugoslavia. The country, which joined the EU in 2004 and joined the eurozone on 1 January 2007, has excellent infrastructure, a well-educated work force, and an excellent central location. Privatization of the economy proceeded at an accelerated pace in 2002-05. Despite lackluster performance in Europe in 2001-05, Slovenia maintained moderate growth. Structural reforms to improve the business environment have allowed for greater foreign participation in Slovenia's economy and have helped to lower unemployment. In March 2004, Slovenia became the first transition country to graduate from borrower status to donor partner at the World Bank. Despite its economic success, Slovenia faces growing challenges. Much of the economy remains in state hands and foreign direct investment (FDI) in Slovenia is one of the lowest in the EU on a per capita basis. Taxes are relatively high, the labor market is often seen as inflexible, and legacy industries are losing sales to more competitive firms in China, India, and elsewhere. The current center-right government, elected in October 2004, has pledged to accelerate privatization of a number of large state holdings and is interested in increasing FDI in Slovenia. In late 2005, the government's new Committee for Economic Reforms was elevated to cabinet-level status. The Committee's program includes plans for lowering the tax burden, privatizing state-controlled firms, improving the flexibility of the labor market, and increasing the government's efficiency.


GDP - per capita (PPP):

$22,900 (2006 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:


2.3% agriculture
industry: 34.7%
services: 62.9% (2006 est.)

Labor force:

914,000 (2006 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:


4.8% agriculture
industry: 39.1%
services: 56.1% (2004)

Exports - partners:

Germany 19.8%, Italy 12.7%, Croatia 9.3%, France 8.1%, Austria 8.1% (2005)

Imports - partners:

Germany 19.5%, Italy 18.6%, Austria 12%, France 7.1%, Croatia 4.2% (2005)

Currency (code):


Euro (EUR)
note: on 1 January 2007, Slovenia's currency became the euro; both the tolar and the euro were in circulation from 1 January until 15 January

Data source : https://cia.gov/cia//publications/factbook/geos/si.html

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